Diamonds are often found in engagement and wedding rings, fancy earrings and tennis bracelets. But did you know that there is a prevalence of diamonds flying around in outer space? Literally, millions and millions of tons of space diamonds litter the galaxies. Like something from a sci-fi movie, there are massive moon sized diamonds, asteroids trailing diamond dust and certain planets where sparkling gems fall from above like magical hail.
Diamond Invaders from Outer Space
Not all of the diamonds that we have here on earth were formed deep beneath the earth’s crust. Some came from the great beyond… meaning from meteorites that crashed down to the earth’s surface. Many of these meteorites are super old (more ancient than the earth itself – we’re talking 5 billion years) and contain micro diamonds in their makeup. Other meteorites that have descended from above didn’t possess diamonds inside them. Rather, when they crashed through the earth’s atmosphere and collided with the earth’s crust, such unbelievable heat and pressure occurred to transform the meteorite’s carbon elements into diamonds. One such example of this is in the Canon Diablo crater of
Arizona: a 1,200m (that’s 3,937 feet, for those of you who live in America) wide, 175m (574 ft) deep hole produced when a meteorite was pulled to earth in the mid-1800s. Diamond debris was subsequently found scattered throughout the area.
Giving new meaning to the term: “Make it rain.”
The science behind this is extraordinarily complicated, but the end result is that there is not one, but TWO planets in our very own galaxy (the Milky Way – for those of you not familiar with astronomy or candy bars) where when it rains, you’d rather have a big bag with you than an umbrella. On Saturn and Jupiter it actually rains diamonds. The main factor why is that the atmospheres of these planets have an abundance of methane. Massive lightning tempests occur and burn the methane gas up; this results in the creation of carbon soot. As the smoky carbon based clumps fall to the surface, they form graphite. The crushing atmospheric pressure then affects the graphite and with each inch that they come closer to the planet’s crust, they begin to resemble those little rocks so often sold by DeBeers. Bottom line: a rainy day on Saturn sounds delightful.
The 50+ Trillion Carat Planet
While the name “55 Cancri e” doesn’t necessarily roll off the tongue, its description certainly does sound easy on the eyes. Discovered in 2011, this planet is twice the size of our little earth, yet 8 times the mass. This coupled with the fact that this allegedly carbon heavy orb completes a revolution around its sun in about 18 earth hours, yields the perfect recipe for diamond development. Essentially, the searing surface temperature, 3,900 degrees Fahrenheit, and the lightning speed and immense pressure combine to condense the carbon at the planet’s mantle into the universe’s largest diamond. These details were acquired from NASA’s Spitzer Space Telescope – the ONLY space telescope for interplanetary diamond discovery on the market today. 55 Cancri e is only 40 light-years away (230 trillion miles), so feel free to visit for yourself.
(*For the Romantics out there, a sad discovery emerged in 2013: that 55 Cancri may be more oxygen than carbon, which would result in a less than sparkling internal composition.)
The Snow White Dwarf Star
Our last, and possibly most impressive, space diamond was found only a few months ago by giddy scientists at the National Radio Astronomy Observatory. This one comes in the form of a star, a white dwarf, to be specific, and is a mere 900 light-years from Earth. As the astronomers were observing a massive pulsar (*pulsars: super magnetized, burned out neutron stars that rotate at dizzying speeds) named “PSR J2222-0137” (and you thought “55 Cancri e” was lame…), they saw a smaller, carbon heavy, approximately earth sized star orbiting it. Upon closer inspection, it was revealed that this particular star is solid diamond. Now here’s where things get ironic; in relative space terms, the star is very cold and dim. The frigid nature of the star (like the iciness of Kristen Stewart) is precisely what condensed its carbon into the dazzling mondo diamond that we now long to possess. Hopefully one day we will have the technology to send a missile into space and explode this star so it comes showering down to earth, drizzling diamonds on the fortunate.
Wherever diamonds originate from, either a remote solar system or god’s green earth, once you’ve had one long enough in your possession you’ll want a more dazzling version. Just like the aforementioned astronomers, constantly scouring the universe for bigger and better heavenly bodies, naturally you will painstakingly research how to turn your old diamond ring into a superior one. The first and most pivotal step in said diamond upgrade exploration is contacting Diamond Lighthouse. Unlike the harsh process in which space diamonds form, selling you diamond with us is extremely easy and pressure free. We will help you sell your ring for the most money in the known universe. Then you’ll be free to discover a new, stellar diamond with éclat, and show it off like a true star.