Starting with “G”
Gallery – much like the photo galleries you are ‘click-baited’ into viewing online, a gallery in the jewelry realm typically aids in making the main attraction (gemstone) look even cooler. A series of designs or repeated patterns, usually accompanying a center stone or other precious material, is what constitutes a gallery in this sense.
Gardinetto – if you’ve got a bunch of sapphires, rubies and emeralds you need to show off, you need a practical way to present them; luckily the enterprising Italians came up with the gardinetto. This is a little jewelry basket (or pot or coffee can) of flowers, where the gems can reside. Most commonly used as a trinket to trade amongst lovers during the mid-1700’s, gardinettos rose to fashion once again during the extravagantly fabulous Art Deco period (the roaring/raging/raving ’20’s).
Gaud – this is a very neat little orb that hangs from, typically, a rosary. This tiny ball can be opened and inside there are often entire scenes carved within, usually straight from the Bible, replete with sacred saints and other symbolically significant peeps. Mostly made of wood and resembling walnuts (these kind are actually referred to as ‘nuts’ – hence the term “religious nut”), gauds can sometimes show up in metal forms.
Georgian Silver – around the inception of the Baroque period (referring to 1600’s Europe, not necessarily when poor people were feeling especially ba-roke), people began to notice that setting white diamonds in silver made them really sparkle. Fast forward a bit to the Georgian era, when silver mines in South America were booming and India was popping out and polishing more diamonds than e’er seen before; thus, the perfect recipe for silver Euro-ring fun!
Germanic Jewelry – when you think of Goth jewelry, you probably imagine black bats, big pewter crucifixes and scary goblin pendants, not ornately decorated gold with glorious, colored gems inlaid. The jewelry of the Germanic tribes (the 5th century Visigoths, Ostrogoths, Vandals …Hoodlums, etc.) greatly resembled that of the Romans, as these tribes had been under their resplendent rule for generations. Basically a lot of colored glass, precious stones and intricate designs on gilded materials.
Giacomo Raffaelli – if there is a name synonymous with the mastery of mosaics, it’s Raffaelli. This 18th century born italian artiste was so adept at crafting mosaics, he eventually was able to create a ‘micro mosaic.’ These tiny masterpieces could then be used in jewelry design, much to the delight of late period Settecento (1700s) donne everywhere. Thankfully, this concept would become mass produced and is now responsible for breathtaking Cosplay jewelry items everywhere.
Gimmel Ring – is basically two bands that are twisted together to form one complete ring. Used as symbols of betrothal during the Renaissance, where the groom would wear one ring and the bride to be the other (essentially, his and her engagement rings), which the bride would absorb into one fused ring on the day of the wedding. A little gimmicky, these gimmel (which is actually derived from the Latin word, gemellus, for ‘twin’) rings would sometimes contain a secretly inscribed baby and skeleton under the main stone, as an eerie reminder that you are born with nothing and you die with nothing, and that nothing is forever.
Girandole – All the rage during the 1600s, these are earrings that consist of three teardrop shaped gems which hang down from a fanciful bow design. Once the 1700s rolled around and people started to view these as “le lame” the earrings would typically be broken down into their component parts and redesigned into less heavy (and not so gaudy) earrings and other jewelry types. Hence, we have the first instances of “jewelry repurposing” on record.
Girasol – Ok, this is the name ascribed to any type of gemstone that exhibits a milky luster that appears to drip along and mosey inside the stone as it is moved (or as the sun or Smurf nightlight or whatever light source hitting it is put into motion). Girasols should never be given as a present to lactose intolerant individuals. That’s just cruel.
Glyptography – What do intaglios engraved into metal and cameos etched from a stone have in common? Why, they are both are shining examples of glyptography, the ancient art of sending messages through jewelry. Duh. Long story relatively short, people were trying to text each other by carving things (called petroglyphs) into cave walls around 15,000 BC – Cut To a few thousand years later and folks were using these etchings to identify personal property with – these became “seals” and were eventually worn, for good luck, favor from the gods, and all that jazz.
Gold à Quatre Couleurs – one can never have too much gold; or too many gold colored varieties at once. This term, coined in the 1750s, means you have four different gold hued alloys all employed in one jewelry piece. A repetitious pattern is often created to give the overall golden design symmetry, beauty and super ultra uber goldiness.
Gorget – getting gorged on a gorgeous gorget is just glorious, no? This guy started out as a metal collar that had an open back (we’re talking during the ancient European times of roughly 800 BC), and would go through numerous iterations over the centuries. It would eventually become more of a military thing, as soldiers would wear them for protection. Various cultures changed gorgets up a bit, crafting them from bones, shells, leather, ribbon, etc. Certain designers working today have thrown the style back to the elder times, resorting to full on metal once again.
Grisaille – this French expression means “in the grey,” and is not nearly as cryptic in jewelry practices as the idiom makes it sound. It’s an enameling technique where first a black, or “noir” (again, really not mysterious), layer of enamel is applied to a surface, and then white enamel is later layered over it. Depending on the degree of thickness of the white enamel, the various “shades of grey” are then expressed (again, really, nothing clandestine, mystical or seductive going on here; just boring enameling). Some jewelry glazed with this process is said to be cursed (alas, there it is!)
Grotesque – is a vile piece of jewelry, like something purchased at “Hot Topic,” right? Nope. Stemming from the Latin “grotto,” translated to ‘hollow,’ this refers to the Roman practice of encircling a main figure with a bunch of finely carved out scrolls. For instance, a #troll with #scrolls.
Guilloché – if you are good with a lathe, you can probably bang out a really cool guilloché design. Just in case you aren’t a jeweler, a ‘lathe’ is a deluxe engraving tool, and the guilloché technique involves forging a concentric pattern, that originates from the center of a piece and appears to ripple outward. It looks like a water droplet in a pond, or a really angry cartoon character with those squiggly lines coming out of his head.
Guirlande – usually showing up in the form of a gem encrusted floral wreath, the guirlande is a broach-like pendant. Totally en vogue during the Renaissance period amongst the nobles, the NeoClassics dredged this style up and wore it with tons of throwback flare.
Gutta-Percha – this makes this list just because it is fun to say. Aside from the fact that is sounds like a colorful Italian curse word, it’s a rubber-esque organic material that comes from “pantropical” trees. It’s a stygian substance, and was used primarily in the ever-uplifting-to-wear ‘mourning jewelry.’
Gypsy Ring – we conclude with the beautifully bohemian gypsy ring. Key characteristics include a single stone, in a bezel mounting, that often is elevated just a hair above the band. The cabalistic center gem can be of any variety, but cool stones like obsidian, onyx or dark amethyst make it all the more mysterious.